Report of fep activities & European Events - 4




^ FEP-OPOCE – European Publishers Forum

The Frankfurt annual meeting of the Forum was the occasion to encourage publishers to collaborate actively with the Office of Official Publications. The collaboration between FEP and the Office is a Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 unique one where the official publisher is really committed to increase participation of private publishers.


FEP participated also in
^ and Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 several bilateral meetings with representatives of FEP and other publishers’ associations.
European stands in world book fairs

In addition to the numerous meetings we attended in Frankfurt (see last week newsletter), FEP also Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 attended a meeting co-organised by the Frankfurt Buchmesse (on behalf of German Publishers), France Edition (on behalf of French publishers and the Associatione Italiana de Editori. The objective of this gathering is to Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 propose collective European stands in third country’ book fairs such as Seoul or Moscow under a EU project. FEP supported the idea and offered some help in ‘advertising’ the project before the Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 EU institutions.


FEP and the candidate countries


Piracy in candidate countries

If you are encountering piracy and/or enforcement problems in the following countries: BULGARIA, CYPRUS, CZECH REPUBLIC, ESTONIA, HUNGARY, LATVIA, LITHUANIA Report of fep activities & European Events - 4, MALTA, ROMANIA, POLAND, SLOVAK REPUBLIC, SLOVENIA, TURKEY, please report to FEP so we can let the Commission know about it. It will be crucial for the membership negotiations of IPR legislation. (07-06-02)


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Cyprus, Czech Republic Report of fep activities & European Events - 4, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia will join the European Union on 1st May 2004. If everything goes as scheduled, the Accession Treaty could be signed already in Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 Athens on 16th April 2003. Bulgaria and Romania should be welcomed in 2007 while for Turkey, the European Council in December 2004 presided by the Dutch government will decide if the country fulfils the Copenhagen Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 political criteria and then open accession negotiations without delay.

For the first time in history Europe will become one because unification is the free will of its people. The European Union has stood Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 by its commitments. The deal that was reached in Copenhagen represents EU at its best: leadership, solidarity and determination. (20-12-02)


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^ The European Parliament and enlargement

The European Parliament will vote to approve the accessions of Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 ten new Member States during its Strasbourg plenary session of 7-10 April 2003. The current Member States and the candidate countries will sign the Accession Treaty in Athens on 16 April. Parliament will then welcome Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 to its ranks 162 parliamentary observers from Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia.


These ten countries are set to become members of the EU Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 on 1 May 2004. On that day their parliamentary observers will become fully-fledged MEPs and the European Commission will also take in ten additional Commissioners.


At a stroke the number of Member Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 States will increase from 15 to 25, the EU population by 75 million to 453 million and the EU's surface area by 34%.


^ Signature and ratification of the Accession Treaty


In mid-February, some two months before the ceremonial Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 signing of the 5,000 page long Accession Treaty, the text of the treaty was sent to the European Parliament. The EP's Committee on Foreign Affairs, Human Rights, Common Security and Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 Defence Policy started its deliberations on 19 February and is expected to take its vote on 19 March. The full Parliament will vote on the accession of the ten countries on 9 April in Strasbourg.


Under Article 49 of Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 the EU Treaty, the accession of any new country requires the assent of Parliament voting by an absolute majority (i.e. 314 out of 626 votes). Parliament will consider the accession of each applicant Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 separately, by voting on ten different legislative resolutions. These will be accompanied by a non-legislative resolution in which Parliament expresses its political opinion. The General Affairs Council must then approve Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 unanimously a single Accession Treaty, which it will do on 14 April. Once Parliament and Council have given the green light, the Accession Treaty will have to be ratified in its entirety Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 by the parliaments of the fifteen existing Member States and by the ten applicant countries. The ratification procedure is likely to take about a year after the signing of the Accession Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 Treaty on 16 April.


All but one of the applicant countries will hold a referendum on EU membership. Malta leads the way on 8 March 2003, although the result of its referendum will not be binding Report of fep activities & European Events - 4. Slovenia is next on 23 March with another non-binding vote. Five binding referendums then follow: Hungary on 12 April, Lithuania on 11 May, Slovakia on 16-17 May, Poland on 8 June and the Czech Republic on 15-16 June Report of fep activities & European Events - 4. Next comes Estonia on 14 September, where the result will be non-binding, and Latvia with a binding vote on 20 September. Cyprus is not planning a referendum.


There will thus be binding votes in Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 six accession countries and non-binding votes in three. None of the existing Member States currently plans to hold a referendum. (See ^ Annex I).


Observers from accession countries at Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 the European Parliament


The new Member States will not be able to send directly elected representatives to the European Parliament until after the European elections of 10-14 June 2004 but Parliament has decided to invite 162 observers from Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 the ten new countries to take part in its work after the Accession Treaty has been signed in April 2003. A year later, with accession on 1 May 2004, these observers will become Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 full MEPs.


As there are currently 626 Members of the European Parliament, the total number of representatives will rise temporarily to 788, but only until the June 2004 elections. After these elections, the number of Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 MEPs from the present Member States will be reduced proportionally, bringing the total down to 732, in accordance with the Nice Treaty.


The accession of Bulgaria and Romania during the 2004-2009 parliamentary term would add a Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 further 54 Members, bringing the total up again to 786. However, following the European elections of 2009 the number of seats for MEPs from the then 27 Member States would, on the basis of Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 current Treaty provisions, once more be reduced to 732. (See Annex II).


^ Role of the observers


As the representatives from the accession countries will, until 1 May 2004, have a national mandate without formal status within the Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 European Parliament, they will have only limited rights to participate in Parliament's work. They will be able to attend plenary sessions and have a seat in the Chamber, but without Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 the right to speak or vote. However, within Parliament's committees they will have the right to speak - although again not to vote. They will also be able to submit documents to a parliamentary body Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 in whose work they are taking part through the chairman of that body and with his or her agreement. The observers from the future Member States will only be Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 able to claim travel expenses actually incurred plus a daily allowance. They will not be able to claim other allowances.


^ Impact of enlargement on Parliament


Budgetary consequences


The accession of ten new Member States Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 will also have major practical implications for Parliament. Apart from taking in 162 new MEPs, the EP will have to recruit additional staff and provide extra offices and other infrastructure. Parliament estimates that Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 expenditure for these enlargement-related needs will amount to € 89.3 million in 2003, € 156.5 million in 2004, € 185.6 million in 2005 and € 198.7 million in 2006.


Staff


The EP's administration has estimated it will need 1,119 posts to cope with enlargement Report of fep activities & European Events - 4. Even after rationalisation, redeployment and early retirement measures, some 850 new posts will still have to be created. Of the total of 1,119 posts, 70% will be accounted for by translation and interpreting services. The Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 bulk of the new staff will be recruited this year and next. In addition, the political groups within Parliament will need 110 extra posts.


Languages


With ten new countries joining the EU, the number of languages Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 used within the European Parliament will increase from 11 to 21. Nonetheless, Parliament has decided to guarantee multilingualism based on users' real needs, through a policy known as "controlled multilingualism". Thus MEPs will still Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 be able to speak in their mother tongue and listen to other MEPs through interpretation.


To achieve this, it will probably be necessary to combine various techniques: the existing interpretation method (whereby Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 almost all interpreters translate from several languages but only into their mother tongue), two-way interpretation (requiring some interpreters to work both into and out of their mother tongue) and relay interpretation Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 (in two stages, through an intermediate or "pivot" language). The translation of documents will in most cases be carried out directly from one language to another, but in some cases will have to Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 be done via relay languages.


Offices


The arrival of 162 new representatives together with new staff in the course of the next few years means the European Parliament's present office space Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 is insufficient. In Brussels, work has begun on two new office blocks, which it is hoped will be ready by the end of 2006. In the meantime temporary arrangements will be мейд. Offices will have Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 to be shared, a new press room will be constructed, thus leaving space for offices in the current press room, and additional temporary office accommodation will be rented near Parliament Report of fep activities & European Events - 4's existing premises. In Strasbourg, Parliament is taking out a lease on the former IPE 3 building, which it vacated in 1999 upon completion of the Louise Weiss building.


^ ANNEX I - REFERENDUMS IN ACCESSION Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 COUNTRIES




Country


Planned referendum dates


Malta

8.3.2003







Slovenia

23.3.2003







Hungary*

12.4.2003







Lithuania*

11.5.2003







Slovakia*

16-17.5.2003







Poland*

8.6.2003







Czech

Republic*

15-16.6.2003







Estonia

14.9.2003







Latvia*

20.9.2003







Cyprus

Ratification by parliament









* Binding referendum.

In Poland, Lithuania and Slovakia the referendum result is valid only if there is a turnout of at least 50%. In Latvia the Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 turnout must be over 50% of the turnout at the last elections.


^ ANNEX II - ALLOCATION OF SEATS IN EP



COUNTRY

^ SEATS IN EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT




Before accession

of Bulgaria and Romania

After accession

of Bulgaria and Romania





EU 15




After 2004 elections

Before 2009

elections

After Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 2009

elections

Germany

99

99

99

France

78

78

72

Italy

78

78

72

United Kingdom

78

78

72

Spain

54

54

50

Netherlands

27

27

25

Belgium

24

24

22

Greece

24

24

22

Portugal

24

24

22

Sweden

19

19

18

Austria

18

18

17

Denmark

14

14

13

Finland

14

14

13

Ireland

13

13

12

Luxembourg

6

6

6





^ ACCESSION COUNTRIES

Poland

54

54

50

Czech Republic

24

24

20

Hungary

24

24

20

Slovakia

14

14

13

Lithuania

13

13

12

Latvia

9

9

8

Slovenia

7

7

7

Estonia

6

6

6

Cyprus

6

6

6

Malta

5

5

5





^ CANDIDATE COUNTRIES

Romania

xxx

36

33

Bulgaria

xxx

18

17

TOTAL

732

786

732


^ ANNEX III - WEIGHTING OF VOTES IN THE COUNCIL





From 1.5.2004

to 31.10.2004

From of 1.11.2004

Member State

Votes

Votes

Germany

10

29

United Kingdom

10

29

France

10

29

Italy

10

29

Spain

8

27

Poland

8

27

Netherlands

5

13

Greece

5

12

Czech Republic

5

12

Belgium

5

12

Hungary

5

12

Portugal

5

12

Sweden

4

10

Austria

4

10

Slovakia

3

7

Denmark

3

7

Finland

3

7

Ireland

3

7

Lithuania

3

7

Latvia

3

4

Slovenia

3

4

Estonia

3

4

Cyprus

2

4

Luxembourg

2

4

Malta

2

3

TOTAL EU

124

321

Qualified majority

threshold

88

232


^ Provisions of the Accession Treaty on voting in the Council


A Report of fep activities & European Events - 4. Transitional period: 1 May 2004 - 31 October 2004


For their adoption, acts of the Council shall require at least:


In the event that fewer than ten new Member States accede to the Union Report of fep activities & European Events - 4, the threshold for the qualified majority for the period until 31 October 2004 shall be fixed by Council decision so as to correspond as closely as possible to 71.26% of the total number of votes.


B. From Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 1 November 2004


Acts of the Council shall require for their adoption at least 232 votes in favour cast by a majority of the members where this Treaty requires them to be adopted Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 on a proposal from the Commission.


In other cases, for their adoption acts of the Council shall require at least 232 votes in favour, cast by at least two-thirds of the members Report of fep activities & European Events - 4.


In the event of fewer than ten new Member States acceding to the European Union, the threshold for the qualified majority shall be fixed by Council decision by applying a strictly linear, arithmetical interpolation Report of fep activities & European Events - 4, rounded up or down to the nearest vote, between 71% for a Council with 300 votes and the level of 72.27% for an EU of 25 Member States.


^ ANNEX IV - THE FIVE ENLARGEMENTS




DATE


^ NEW MEMBER Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 STATES


INCREASE IN

COMMUNITY POPULATION



INCREASE IN COMMUNITY GDP

1973

Denmark, Ireland, United Kingdom


+ 33.4%

+ 32.4%

1981

Greece

+ 3.7%

+ 2.8%


1986

Spain, Portugal

+ 17.7%

+ 11.6%


1995

Austria, Finland, Sweden


+ 6.2%

+ 6.3%

2004

Cyprus, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia

+ 19.8%

+ 4.6%



(28-02-2003)


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^ Enlargement, all you have always wished to know …
We annex a background note Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 prepared by the Press Service of the European Parliament which present very relevant information on the final procedure of the EU enlargement.
Croatia - The new candidate country
Sibylle Regout attended a European Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 Policy Center breakfast meeting featuring Tonino Picula, the Croatian Minister for Foreign Affairs has мейд a speech just a week after presenting Croatia's formal EU membership application to the Greek Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 presidency in Athens. Croatia will try to catch up with Bulgaria and Romania to be ready for 2007. Mr Picula expressed gratitude for the levels of assistance Croatia already received from the EU, but said pre Report of fep activities & European Events - 4-accession programmes were needed now, giving new momentum to internal reforms to help the country meet its new obligations.


^ Latvia – knowing the price of freedom

Anne Bergman-Tahon attended a European Policy Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 Center breakfast meeting featuring Sandra Kalniete, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Latvia. She insisted that for Latvia becoming member of the EU was essential to safeguard their language, culture and moreover Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 their democratic values. For Latvia, it is indispensable to have their own Commissioner as well as to pursue the rotating Presidency of the European Union (if only for public relations’ purposes). To improve Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 the subsidiarity aspect of European legislation, she would suggest that national parliaments could review early draft legislation and eventually provide with a possible early warning. The main input of Baltic States is Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 their special relationship with neighbors of course Russia but also Caucasian countries. (28-02-2003)


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^ EP/Kok Report on enlargement

After the vote in the plenary session of the European Parliament, President Romano Prodi Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 said ‘The message is clear: enlargement is a win-win game. The benefits and opportunities by far outweigh the potential obstacles, costs and risks. It is the most successful act of foreign policy Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 that the EU has ever мейд. But the full potential of enlargement will not come by itself. The report clearly demonstrates that the EU must move ahead with the reforms that Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 enlargement now demand. (…) Enlargement calls for more Europe. This is true for the institutions but it also true for politics. Not one single European country is big enough, important enough to have its voice heard Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 if it chooses to act alone’. (28-03-03)


FEP is also …


Copyright


As always (at least since a few years), the © Directive (actually entitled ‘Directive on the harmonisation of certain aspects of copyright Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 and related rights in the information society’) has been at the forefront of FEP activities and also of our member associations. Indeed, the Member States are currently implementing the Directive into their Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 national legislations. In some countries, this procedure is quite painful, with the legislators opening exceptions in favour of schools, libraries, etc.

FEP has been asked at several occasions to intervene towards both Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 the member States and the European Commission, drawing to the attention of the authorities the danger of over-stretching the exceptions. Firstly and foremost, all the exceptions listed in the © Directive Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 have to be read together with the three-step test of Article 5.5. of the same Directive. That means, it has to be limited to special cases, should not conflict with the normal exploitation nor prejudice Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 the unreasonably the legitimate interests of the rights holder. Secondly, this implementation should not serve as pretext to widening exceptions when the text reads ‘the scope of certain exceptions or limitations Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 may have to be even more limited when it comes to certain new uses of copyright works (recital 44).


At the request of our Portuguese, Danish and German members, FEP intervened directly Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 and complained about the way the European law was implemented. FEP also provided useful information to colleagues in the Member States to influence their own governments. In addition, FEP compiled charts Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 with the state of implementation on all EU Member States.


After discussion with the European Commission and consultation of our members, we prepared a document listing the issues of concern between publishers and legislators Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 to keep the EU Executive body fully informed of our concerns.


We were also present at the two major copyright conferences organised by the EU Presidencies, respectively Spain and Greece Report of fep activities & European Events - 4. Supported by a number of our colleagues from national Publishers’ Associations also present at these meetings, it increased the visibility of publishers in European фора.


At the express request of Commissioner Liikanen–responsible Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 for both the Information Society DG and the Enterprise DG – work started within other services of the European Commission on Digital Rights Management (DRM). This is particularly important in view of three provisions Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 of the © Directive: Article 5.2.b (private copy for which fair compensation must take account of the application or non-application of technological measures), Articles 6 and 7 (protection of technological measures and rights management Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 information). DG Enterprise commissioned a study with the CEN (European Normalisation body) and FEP was an active member of the CEN-DRM Group and Editorial committee, attending endless meetings where Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 rights holders and the consumer electronic industry had very different views on how DRM should apply, what they should be protecting and what was still missing. Consumers and librarians were noticeably absent Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 in the debate. Visually Impaired Persons (represented by the European Blind Union) мейд valuable input in the discussion.


DG Information Society initiated an in depth discussion of DRM and its relations to levies. A Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 first seminar took place in February 2002, it was followed by four workshops, one of them being co-organised by FEP. At this workshop, PA Chief Executive Ronnie Williams presented the specific concerns of Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 book and learned journal publishers and especially the need to consider various business models, B2C as well as B2B. To conclude this consultation, the Commission organised a Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 new seminar in March 2003 to sum up the discussions. FEP мейд an intervention to recall its demands.


FEP, with the support of STM, organised an in-house workshop (in April 2002) to determine the Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 position of publishers and to support EDItEUR representing the publishing community at the important standard setting of MEPG 21.


In the information society even more than in the analogue world, piracy has became Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 a plague. For several years, the Commission worked on an ‘Enforcement Directive’ which aims to harmonise enforcement procedures and remedies at EU level. FEP and other rights holders are still examining the Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 draft Directive and preparing position papers. FEP will unite forces to lobby the Parliament for this Directive with colleagues from the Rights Holders’ Coalition as we did in the past.


More than Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 10 years ago, the Commission adopted a Directive on rental and lending rights. 10 years later, a number of members States are still reluctant to provide a fair compensation for public lending right. FEP has Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 been liaising with the Commission and the national publishers associations to encourage a positive solution. The Commission has started a procedure against Belgium and will hopefully start further procedures against EU Member Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 States, which have deliberately avoided to fulfil their European obligations. FEP has also worked closely with the European Parliament to support the Commission’s actions.


Publishers particularly value the 1996 ‘Databases Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 Directive’ which set up a sui generis right protecting non original databases against extraction and re-use of substantial part of their contents. This is the closest provision to a publishers’ right (together Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 with the invention right for newly found unpublished work and the typographical right). So when the Commission started reviewing this right, FEP has attended the hearing organised by a Brussels law firm, replied Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 to their questionnaire and further informed concerned civil servants of their preoccupations in this field. When the Commission will review the acquis communautaire with the view of eventually updating it, publishers will have Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 to be aware of the danger of widening the scope of the exceptions listed in the © Directive to databases.


While looking at the existing Community © legislation, the EC and Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 the Member State might wish to update it. In view of recent experiences, rights holders are afraid that this would look more like opening the scope of exceptions than reinforcing rights. Therefore Report of fep activities & European Events - 4, we believe that it might be wise to wait until the Commission publishes the result of the study on the economic impact of © industries in the European economy. European publishers are also extremely supportive Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 of the proposal by the Commission to start awareness campaigns to sensibilise youth and the general audience to the value of intellectual property.


Next year, while still following the remaining implementation exercise Report of fep activities & European Events - 4, FEP will have to address the issue of collective administration of rights as the Commission has definitely the intention to adopt a draft Communication on the issue (which will also deal with Digital Report of fep activities & European Events - 4 Rights Management).



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